Archives for July 2016

Ways Trauma from Early Childhood Presents Itself in Teens


The health of our children affects all of us as our future depends on our young people who will eventually be the adults who take over the leadership of this nation. When a child is young, neglect, all types of abuse and conflicts between feuding parents contribute to his growth into a teen and his maturity into adulthood, and these adverse childhood events (ACE) can present as negative responses. Some of these consequences follow.


According to the Centers for Disease Control, 702,000 children suffered neglect or abuse in 2014, or about 25 percent of children in the country.

Abuse or neglect might impact them in the following ways:

  • Anxiety
  • Difficulty with language development
  • Blindness, struggles with motor skills or cerebral palsy after a head injury
  • Delayed cognitive, social and emotional development
  • Prone to addictions
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Poor brain development or
  • Increased risk for a myriad of physical problems.

Prenatal Stress

Similarly, studies show that maternal stress can negatively impact children in the womb. In addition, stress can affect subsequent generations, at least in animals.

After birth, stress can permanently damage cognitive structure and processing, in part due to elevated hormones that disrupt normal growth and development. Brain impairment affects later physical, emotional, academic and social health. These ACEs result in increased toxicity in the body, opening the doorway to a higher risk of diseases. Additional problems include:

  • Increased risk-taking behaviors
  • Failure in school
  • Unemployment
  • Poverty
  • Incarceration
  • Gang membership
  • Obesity
  • Promiscuity and
  • Homelessness.

In addition, this group runs a higher risk of becoming single parents but lack the ability to properly parent their own children. As a result, the generational cycle continues with parenting struggles and dysfunctional families. These ACEs can precipitate poor lifestyle choices, which, in turn, lead to early death, normally preventable through a healthy lifestyle.

Behavioral Issues

Children who are victims of neglect or abuse face increased incidences of substance abuse and risky sexual behavior. They face an increased risk of academic struggles, delinquency and teen pregnancy. The CDC further reports that their risk of arrest as a juvenile skyrocketed by 59 percent, and that behavior carries over into adulthood.

Mental Health Struggles

One study indicated that up to 80 percent of teens who suffered abuse later fit the diagnostic criteria for a psychiatric disorder by the time they were 21. Their issues ranged from anxiety to depression to suicide attempts to eating disorders. They might struggle with learning disabilities or with memorization, so necessary to success in school.

Financial Ramifications

The CDC estimates placed the financial impact of child abuse at $124 billion in 2008, making it one of the most expensive public health problems in the nation. Per abused child, this translated to just over $210,000, including childhood and adult medical costs, child welfare, special education, criminal justice and lost productivity. Lifetime costs per childhood death sit at more than $1.27 million, including productivity and medical bills.

Mobile Apps and Their Potential To Crush Your Teens Confidence


How did you find this website? Did it pop up in a Google search? Did a friend share it on Facebook? In today's world that's just how things go. We’re connected, logged in, online, posting, tagging and liking. And his new lifestyle has had a profound impact on how we communicate with each other, for better or worse. With teens being the most active users of social media sites, mobile apps and the internet, is their self-worth now measured in likes and friends?

Social Media and Self-Esteem

What does it take to be “liked” these days? Is adding a friend the same as being friends? Social media and mobile apps are taking the world by storm - but what does it take to keep up?

Unfortunately, it seems that social media not only increases anxiety but lowers self-esteem. Teens are not getting a break from the relationships they’re building, whether in person or online, and it’s causing them angst without knowing it. It’s natural for human beings to need alone time and time to recover - this generation is without.

Cyber Bullying Has Negative Effects on Teens

Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place online. As ease of communication increases, so does the amount of cyber bullying taking place every day. According to a June 2012 Consumer Reports survey, more than 800,000 minors were cyber bullied on Facebook. Just as shocking: the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry published a study that said 49.5% of middle and high school students surveyed reported being cyberbullied.

Teens who are cyberbullied are more likely to experience the following:

  • Social Media Causes Teens to Feel Alone
    Strangely enough, social media is known to increase feelings of being alone. These feelings of isolation are directly connected to depression and low self-esteem. Additionally, these feelings increase the chances and frequency of underage drug and alcohol consumption and abuse.
  • Cyber Bullying Negatively Affects School Attendance and Grades
    Being the victim of cyberbullying has huge effects on their role as students. Cyber bullied students are more likely to skip school or be unwilling to attend. It also drastically decreases their participation and ability to complete work on time. We’ve already seen measurable differences in overall GPA and standardized test scores, as well.
  • Teens Engaged with Social Media Experience More Health Problems
    While we’re aware of the impact of words, and how they can affect your day, be sure to recognize the bigger impacts these virtual words are having on your teen. Almost 41% of teens say cyberbullying made them feel depressed and helpless, while nearly 26% said they felt “totally alone” because of cyberbullying.

How Can You Protect Your Teens Online?

There are a variety of online monitoring tools to keep an eye on your teen when they’re logged in. You can also learn more about the social sites they’re involved with to know the types of interactions they may be having.

As parents, we try to do our best and know what’s best. Be sure to do your research, and stay up to date on the latest online trends, and how your teen is getting involved.

What Every Parent Needs to Know About Teen Depression


As parents, we never want to think our teens are struggling with something as serious as depression. We may tell ourselves it’s just hormones or that the depressed mood is just a part of adolescence. While these factors can be contributing to teen behaviors, sometimes, it’s much more than just a phase – it’s an illness. Understanding teen depression can help us prevent our teens from the consequences of depression such as poor academic performance, breaking the law, and even suicide.

What Is Teen Depression?

Teen depression can be different from adult depression. It’s a mental and emotional disorder that can interfere with a teen’s ability to get through the day. A teen who suffers from depression struggles with negative thoughts that can sometimes lead to inappropriate behaviors.

The causes of depression are many, so it can be a challenge to identify one or more of the reasons a teen suffers from the disorder. It can be from relationships at home or at school. It can be peer pressure, a changing body, or peer pressure. The expectations placed on a teen to excel academically can be difficult to handle, and that can lead to depression. Genetics places a huge part in teens developing depression, too. Between 20 to 50 percent of teens who are diagnosed with depression have a family history of it.

The Prevalence of Teen Depression

Teen depression is much more common than we think. One out of five teens suffers from depression. Females are more likely to suffer from depression. Depression is the most common disability for people aged 15 to 44 in the United States. Those with depression disorder may also have a co-occurring disorder such as mood disorder, substance abuse problems, anxiety, or antisocial behaviors.

These statistics do not include teens who never reveal their depression. Many teens live with depression and no one knows it. The consequences of the untreated depression are attributed to other factors such as “just being lazy” or “not being smart.” This can be carried on forever by the person and affect his or her entire life. This is sad since all that needed to be done was treat the depression.

Suicide Risk and Other Consequences of Teen Depression

The problem is that not all teens reach out for help when they are suffering from depression. Only 1 in 5 will receive help. Every year, about 5,000 people between the ages of 15 and 24 kill themselves. It is the third leading cause of death for teens.

What’s important for us to know is that four out of five teenagers who commit suicide gave clear warnings they were about to do it. The following are some signs a teen may be thinking about suicide:

  • Threatening suicide
  • Obsessed with death
  • Writing about death
  • Giving their friends and family their belongings
  • Exhibiting bizarre behavior
  • Feeling guilty, shameful, or rejected in some way
  • Not sleeping enough or sleeping too much
  • Eating more than usual or not eating as much
  • Not doing well in school
  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Becoming irritable and angry quickly
  • Feeling sad most of the time

Untreated depression doesn’t always lead to suicide. There are many other consequences of the disorder, such as:

  • Family conflicts
  • Poor academic performance
  • Violence
  • Running away from home
  • Engaging in risky behaviors
  • Abusing drugs and alcohol
  • Becoming addicted to a substance or the Internet

The best way to avoid these consequences of teen depression is to be available and offer assistance. The following are tips on how to handle depression in teens.

  • Take time to listen actively with eye contact, nodding, and asking questions without judging.
  • Be gentle with requests.
  • Validate their feelings are real and that there is a reason for them.
  • Always offer to help. Teens often feel helpless when depression, but knowing there is someone who is willing to help can matter.
  • Any talk of suicide should be taken seriously and acted upon immediately.

What to Do about Teen Depression

When a teen begins opening up about depression, it’s time to seek help from a professional. Start with reaching out to a physician, therapist or counselor. If treatment is an option, remember to stay involved with it. A teen needs extra support to continue and benefit from treatment. Medications take time to work, so while waiting for the effects, work on the mental and emotional effects of the depression. Physical activity and a balanced diet is a good way to reduce the symptoms of depression. When done together as a family, teens often feel much more motivated to continue the new lifestyle change.

Knowledge is power when it comes to teen depression. The more we know about it, the better we’ll be. Read as much information as possible about it and share it with teens, even those who may not suffer from it. Everyone should understand depression, and what to do if someone is depressed. It only takes one person to help a person in need, and that person can be anyone.

Since many teens turn to drugs and alcohol to self-medicate the symptoms of depression, they must know the consequences of those drugs and alcohol can be much worse than the depression symptoms. Opening the lines of communication concerning substance abuse and depression can help them stay away from travelling down a slippery slope.

Teen Depression: Treating It for a Better Life

Teen depression is treatable. It does not go away on it’s own, though. As a parent, we want the best for our children. Be sure to keep an eye on your teen and if you ever suspect depression, seek help from a professional.


At Liahona Academy, we offer a program that help teens with depression. We help them understand why they feel the way they do, and how they can rise above it. Teens often feel hopeless when they are depressed, we bring back that hope and help them understand that there is so much to live for in life. We help them get back on a path that will lead them to a successful future.

Contact us today for more information on our program for teen depression.

A Parent’s Cheat Sheet to Navigating the Painkiller Epidemic


Teens are overdosing on drugs that are easily found in their parent’s medicine cabinet. Actually, 70% of teens report their easiest source of drugs is in their home. With drug overdose being the leading cause of accidental death in this country, we as parents, need to do something now.

It’s up to us to save our teens from drug overdose. We need to understand the dangers of prescription drugs, and take precautions to ensure teens do not have access to them. Review the tips below to ensure your teenager remains safe.

Facts About Teens and Prescription Drugs

People die every day from opioid (prescription drug) overdose. The problem is that many people, especially teens, don’t believe prescription drugs are as dangerous as street drugs. They figure since adults take them, they should be okay for them to take, even if they don’t suffer from pain. The number of deaths from prescription opioid pain relievers has increased significantly since 2001 for both males and females.

Drug Terminology for Better Understanding

It’s important for all of us to understand the differences in drugs teens are most likely to use. Narcotics, also referred to as opioids and opiates, help people by relieving severe pain and discomfort. The drugs block pain signals to the brain, which stops the person from feeling pain. There are two different classes of narcotics: legal prescription drugs and illegal drugs. An example of a legal prescription drug is OxyContin or Vicodin, and an example of illegal drugs is heroin. What many people do not know is that when any drug is abused, it is considered illegal.

Commonly Abused Prescription Drugs

Prescription drugs found in a medicine cabinet can be just as dangerous as heroin, so don’t be fooled. The most commonly abused prescription drugs are:

  • Codeine
  • Fentanyl
  • Hydrocodone
  • Hydromorphone
  • Meperidine
  • Methadone
  • Morphine
  • Oxycodone

Drug users come up with many different names for drugs, so they can freely discuss them without getting into trouble. These are the street names for the most common drugs teens abuse.


  • Brown Sugar
  • China White
  • Dope
  • H
  • Horse
  • Junk
  • Skag
  • Skunk
  • Smack
  • White Horse
  • Captain Cody
  • Lean
  • Schoolboy
  • Sizzurp
  • Purple Drink
  • Apache
  • China Girl
  • China White
  • Dance Fever
  • Friend
  • Goodfella
  • Jackpot
  • Murder 8
  • Tango and Cahs
  • TNT
  • Vike
  • Watson 387
  • D
  • Dillies
  • Footballs
  • Juice
  • Smack
  • Demmies
  • Pain Killer
  • Amidone
  • Fizzies
  • When mixed with MDMA – Chocolate Chip Cookies
  • M
  • Miss Emma
  • Monkey
  • White Stuff
  • OC
  • Oxycet
  • Oxycotton
  • Oxy
  • Hillbilly Heroin
  • Percs


  • Captain Cody
  • Lean
  • Schoolboy
  • Sizzurp
  • Purple Drink


  • Apache
  • China Girl
  • China White
  • Dance Fever
  • Friend
  • Goodfella
  • Jackpot
  • Murder 8
  • Tango and Cahs
  • TNT


  • Vike
  • Watson 387


  • D
  • Dillies
  • Footballs
  • Juice
  • Smack


  • Demmies
  • Pain Killer


  • Amidone
  • Fizzies
  • When mixed with MDMA – Chocolate Chip Cookies


  • M
  • Miss Emma
  • Monkey
  • White Stuff


  • OC
  • Oxycet
  • Oxycotton
  • Oxy
  • Hillbilly Heroin
  • Percs

Dangerous Dosages

The average dose a heroin user who has just started is 5 to 10 milligrams. A heroin user who has built a tolerance may use 20 to 40 milligrams each time. Regular heroin addicts use about four times a day, depending on their level of addiction.

Prescription drugs have a potency that can be just as strong as heroin. For example, all someone has to do is take 50 mg of hydrocodone to ingest as much as 10 mg of heroin. It only takes 1 ¼ pills of Methadone to achieve the same potency of heroin, and just 1 1/6 pills of Oxycodone. Morphine is another drug that doesn’t take much to reach the potency of heroin – 1 2/3 pills. Some of the other prescription drugs such as meperidine, hydromorphone, hydrocodone, and fentanyl require the user to take about 15 pills to reach the strength of 10 mg of heroin. Does this make them less of a danger? No! When teens abuse prescription drugs, they normally take multiple pills at one time and over time. This increases their risk of overdose quickly.

How to Protect Our Teens from Drug Overdose

The easiest way to protect our teens from drug overdose is to make the prescription drugs inaccessible. Addicts have an extremely hard time obtaining narcotics, which is why they choose heroin. Teens have a harder time finding heroin, so if they can’t obtain prescription drugs at home, they will be much safer.

Lock Away Prescription Drugs

Some medicine cabinets have a lock on it. There are also lock boxes available to store medications.

Dispose of Unused Medication

Many people keep extra medication after they are done with it. This is unwise. All medication should be disposed of correctly. A doctor can review how to appropriately dispose of prescription medication for extras left over after treatment.

Speak to Teens

Teens need to understand the dangers of prescription drugs. Many do not know how certain medication can kill them. Education is one of the best ways to ensure our teens do not end up using drugs, whether they are obtained at home or through peers.

Speaking to teens about drugs can be a difficult discussion, as adolescents often feel as though their parents don’t trust them or are trying to control them. When speaking about drugs, it’s important to do it in a peaceful, calm environment without accusations. This will keep our teens open and accepting of the information we’re providing.

Speak to Other Parents

Many parents do not know or believe their teen will take their prescription drugs. It’s important to bring this potential situation to our communities. The more people realize teens are at risk of drug overdose from the medications they easily find in their home’s bathroom, the less likely they will be able to obtain them in this way. Tell as many people as possible about this because it may save a teenager’s life.

Seek Help for Troubled Teens

Troubled teens who are already abusing prescription drugs are a risk to those who aren’t yet. We need to education teens and parents on how to handle teenage drug abuse with treatment. By pursuing treatment early, the chances of a teen recovering and getting back on path to a life of happiness and success are high.

For more information on helping troubled teens, contact Liahona Academy. We are a therapeutic residential treatment center for troubled boys who struggle with substance abuse, self-harming behaviors, academics, anxiety, depression, defiance, and so much more. There is hope for troubled teens, and it all starts with a simple phone call to 1-800-675-8101.

How You Can Help Your Addicted Teen with No-Rescue Parenting


Over the past two decades, incidents of overprotective parenting have risen. Also called helicopter parenting, this approach involves parents swooping in to save their children from any potential harm. Unfortunately, many teens grow up without developing problem-solving and coping skills. When parents constantly intervene and save them, young people feel as if they are unable to handle their own issues, which might lead to the development of addiction problems.

No-Rescue Parenting Defined

An alternative approach, called no-rescue parenting, involves parents doing the opposite of helicoptering. Instead of rushing to save children from the consequences of their poor choices, parents utilizing the no-rescue approach allow their children to fail. This can help them to develop needed life skills and may aid in their ability to overcome substance abuse issues. Fathers and mothers who practice no-rescue parenting allow their children to confront both the challenges of life and to face the consequences of poor choices without the parents' intervention.

No-Rescue Parenting and Teen Addiction

An example of the no-rescue approach in the context of addiction might include allowing your teenager to remain in juvenile detention if he or she has been arrested for delinquency involving drugs or alcohol. Instead of requesting that the court release your child to your custody, a no-rescue approach might mean asking the court to place your teenager in an inpatient rehabilitation facility so that he or she can receive the help that he or she needs. When teens learn that they will face real consequences for their actions and that you will not always agree to bail them out of any trouble they may be in, they can begin developing the tools that they will need to cope with the day-to-day issues that they face without the need for alcohol or drugs.

Practical Applications of No-Rescue Parenting

Many adults with addiction problems began use as teenagers. Helping your teen to learn the coping skills that he or she will need in adulthood can help him or her become a better-adjusted and healthier adult. Encourage your child to take responsibility for his or her choices. If your child forgets an important assignment at home, don't rush it up to the school. Let him or her learn that not keeping track of needed materials results in a lower grade. If your child breaks a window or wrecks the car, make him earn the money to pay for the repairs. The use of natural consequences works in various settings:

  • When teens break the rules,
  • Neglect their responsibilities or
  • Damage property.

What No-Rescue Parenting Is not

No-rescue parenting does not mean that you need to turn your back on your child. You should keep the lines of communication open and be there for him, ready with a listening ear. No-rescue parenting is not simply washing your hands of your teen. Instead, by allowing him or her to learn the coping skills and problem-solving abilities through making mistakes, you will equip him with the kinds of lasting skills needed to enter true recovery from his addiction.

Negative Stigmas Associated with Therapeutic Boarding Schools for Troubled Teens

Negative Stigmas Associated with Therapeutic Boarding Schools for Troubled Teens

Boarding schools serve as a popular recourse for parents who are desperate to correct delinquent behavior in their adolescent children. But popular fiction and stereotypes have created a negative image of these facilities that creates apprehension in parents. While it would be naïve to completely discount potential areas of concern as any industry has examples of abuse and nefarious activity, reputable boarding schools will address these issues head on and ensure parents that they are entrusting their children to an institution with integrity, competence and legitimate care for safety.

Fears of Abuse and Emotional Trauma

Parents commonly fear that boarding schools are bastions of abuse and emotional trauma. The following are common fears parents have expressed concerning these types of programs:

  • Complete separation of youths from their families might worsen behavioral problems and impede their progress.
  • The aggressive therapies might harm and emotionally scar the youths, leading to even more erratic behavior.
  • Parents and schools alike hold legitimate concerns of abuse any time that adults care for youths.

Look for These Safety Indicators in Teen Help Programs

Indicators of a legitimate and caring program will have the follow aspects in place:

  • Open lines of contact and communication between families, attendees and the institutions. This will ensure that parents are privy to their children’s progress and can monitor for possible suspicious behaviors.
  • Reputable schools will also develop proven disciplinary techniques to stop unwanted behaviors without resorting to physical or emotional abuse.
  • The school will opt for an approach tailored to the specific needs of the teen in question.
  • Reputable institutions like Liahona Academy will also practice authoritative discipline without slipping into lackadaisical or tyrannical education styles.

Look for A Lack of Credentials

Some institutions fail to obtain the proper academic credentials necessary to teach the curriculum. However, statistics show that boarding school students tend to report themselves and their peers as being more engaged in the work and more diligent in their studies. The best schools will have qualified teachers who will share their knowledge with their students. Furthermore, many of the graduates of these programs report extensive career opportunities upon completion. While any education institution can suffer from one or two bad teachers, a boarding school can hold their teachers to higher educational standards because of the reduced classroom size. Thus, your children have a greater likelihood of receiving a competent educator than they do in a public classroom setting.

Improved Peer Bonding

Boarding schools also offer youths the chance for closer bonding with their peers. By providing a structure that cultivates friendships, students can come away with more lasting friendships than the often turmoil-ridden public schools where unhealthy influences can poison building solid relationships.


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