Symptoms of ADHD in teensADHD can look different between individuals and may change between children, teens, and adults. There are some general characteristics to recognize in your teen. Broadly speaking, ADHD symptoms fit into two categories: 1. Inattentiveness 2. Impulsiveness and hyperactivity The majority of teens who have ADHD will have symptoms that fall into one of these categories, but it’s important to remember that your teen is an individual and may have unique manifestations of ADHD behaviors. For example, some teens may struggle with inattentiveness but don’t have any concerns with impulse control or hyperactivity. This can sometimes be referred to as attention deficit disorder (ADD). It can often be harder to diagnose ADD because the symptoms are not always as clear as those seen with ADHD. Some of the signs seen in teens who struggle with inattentiveness include:
- Being easily distracted
- A very short attention span and finding it hard to stick with time-consuming tasks
- Careless mistakes with school work and other projects
- Forgetfulness and frequently losing things
- Struggling to listen to and follow through with instructions
- Having trouble organizing themselves and prioritizing tasks
- Fidgeting and struggling to sit still
- Having trouble concentrating on books or projects
- Constant physical movement
- Excessive talking, particularly when in quiet situations
- Having trouble waiting for their turn
- Acting without first thinking about it
- Interrupting when others are speaking
- Appearing to be fearless, in situations where a little fear is natural
Does your teen have ADHD symptoms?According to the CDC, ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders seen in children and adolescents. Combine that with the very nature of social media encouraging a type of ADHD mindset. Users scroll mindlessly through hundreds of new posts, clicking between topics of interest in rapid succession. Teens who already display some symptoms of ADHD may be at an increased risk of their symptoms worsening, and those not yet showing signs of ADHD may start to display them. Your teen may become reliant on checking in with friends through their preferred social media network. They may become overly fixated on updating their social media accounts or seeing what their friends are up to. Fear of missing out (FOMO) is a genuine concern for today’s teens. If your teen tends to be on the insecure side, with introverted tendencies, their social media connections could be more important to them than their in-person connections. Other concerns may accompany your teen’s ADHD, including:
- Anxiety disorder
- Oppositional defiant disorder
What can you do to help your troubled teen?There is no cure for ADHD. That said, treatment options can help reduce the symptoms and improve your teen’s ability to function at school and in social functions. These treatments could include therapy and medication. There are also often programs at school that can help teens manage their ADHD. Another option is to consider a residential treatment center that provide stability and security needed to heal from the challenges ADHD presents. Perhaps one of the most important things you can do is have a conversation with your teen about his social media usage. Putting down hard limits and restricting his use of social media and his devices could backfire on you. You may inadvertently lead him to rebel harder, act out harder and struggle further. Helpful steps to help with a teen with ADHD include:
- Helping your teen to find effective ways to get and stay organized.
- Speaking to school counselors and teachers about options for helping him stay focused.
- Getting him involved with sports or hobbies that will help to give him better focus.
- Keeping a good routine at home. Routines are so important for teens with ADHD.
- Be understanding and non-judgmental when he is struggling.