Behavioral or physical changes of early drug useYou may expect several changes in your teen as they grow up. If your troubled teen is using drugs, you may start to see some key behavioral and physical changes that don’t seem to be the norm for your child. Some of the physical changes could include the following:
- Rapid weight gain or loss that isn’t attributed to illness should be a red flag that something is amiss.
- Recurrent headaches and having a hard time focusing on conversations or tasks.
- Eyes that appear to be glazed or bloodshot fairly frequently and cannot be attributed simply to allergies.
- Unexplained nosebleeds or a runny nose that isn’t readily explained by allergies or illness.
- Shaking and cold or sweaty palms without any other apparent cause.
- Changes in pupil appearance, whether smaller or larger than usual.
- Sores in and around the mouth.
- Changes in appearance and hygiene habits. This could include caring less about taking a shower or brushing their hair.
- A loss of interest in some of the activities they used to enjoy, whether sports or music or even reading.
- Changes in social circles. Perhaps moving away from former friends to a new group of friends.
- Aggressive and angry behavior without being provoked. As an example, lashing out at a sibling for something that once would have made them laugh.
- Your teen may sleep more often than you’ve come to expect. It’s important to note that sleeping more often is also quite often a sign of depression.
- Hyperactivity that is out of character and seems almost manic in nature.
- Disrespectful attitudes and breaking family rules can quite often become a concern.
- Paranoia or irritability that seems very out of character for your child.
- Wearing long sleeves during the summer months, quite often to hide track marks and bruises on arms and legs.
Is your teen at increased risk for drug use?There are several risk factors to be aware of when it comes to teen drug use. That said, young people can turn to alcohol and drug abuse for no apparent reason. As a parent, it can be normal to wonder whether you could have done or said something differently. Could you have prevented it? Is it too late? Many things may go through your mind if you even suspect that there is a concern with drugs or even alcohol abuse. Begin by considering some of the main factors that could contribute to your teen’s increased risk for addiction. A family history of addiction can put someone at an increased risk for developing an addiction to drugs or alcohol. Whether parents, grandparents, or even siblings, having a biological link to someone with a history of addiction can predispose someone to addiction. Studies have demonstrated that having a parent or other relative with a substance abuse problem can drastically increase the risks. The environment, both at home and at school, can be one of the most significant risk factors for drug use and addiction. Whether it is at home or within a group of friends, exposure to drug and alcohol use can normalize the behavior. This is an opportunity for parents to act as the positive role model that their impressionable adolescents need. Environmental factors also increase the access that troubled teens have to the substances that they use. This increases their vulnerability to that first-time experimental use and even opportunities to continue using and abusing the substance.
Addressing the early signs of drug useOne of the more challenging issues that face parents with troubled teens are using drugs is that drug use and addiction are progressive. It can be difficult to recognize those very early signs of drug use, and it can be easy to dismiss some of them. No one likes to think that their child is using drugs, and a fair bit of denial can be an issue with many parents. The issue is that dismissing those early signs can soon lead to a serious substance abuse problem. Don’t shrug off underage drinking or even smoking marijuana as something that’s just a normal experimental part of growing up. It is much easier to address and reverse potentially problematic issues when those first red flags begin to wave, rather than waiting until it’s an escalated issue or when law enforcement is involved. Have an honest, judgment-free discussion with your teen, particularly if any of the following concerns start to pop up:
- Ignoring or simply breaking set curfew hours
- Not making eye contact during conversations
- Irresponsible behavior that is out of character
- Asking for money or taking money from parents or siblings
- Retreating behind locked doors or demanding more privacy
- Secretive texts or phone calls
- A sudden drop in grades