Recognizing abusive patternsViolence or abuse against a sibling will start to have clear patterns, with repeated physical aggression and an evident determination to cause pain. In these cases, this is not a harmless sibling rivalry motivated by a need to outshine a sibling somehow. Instead, this abuse is motivated by a need to control and have power over a sibling. Ask yourself, “Is your teen consistently hurting his siblings?” “Has this behavior started to develop a pattern?” “Has the aggressive behavior been escalating?” Remember that it’s also essential to consider the age-appropriateness of the behavior. For example, seeing your kindergartener hitting his toddler sister because he wants the toy she just grabbed is quite normal. It should still be addressed, of course, but it may be considered to be a regular part of the sibling dynamic. If your fourteen-year-old punched his brother or pushed him hard enough to slam him to the ground without provocation, this might indicate that there is a more serious concern. The trouble is that the aggression is going to continue to escalate without effective intervention. The safety of your other children needs to become your primary focus now.
It’s not always just physical abusePhysical abuse is a priority when it comes to protecting siblings from the aggressive teen in your home. However, there is also the possibility of emotional and mental abuse. Violent behavior will often start as teasing, insulting, belittling, and finding any excuse to poke fun at a younger or more insecure sibling. A younger child may be bullied to the point of being highly emotional and may also start to act out in new and uncharacteristic ways. An older aggressive sibling may also do subtle things to cause trouble with other siblings. This could include breaking favorite toys, stealing belongings, and trying to get them into trouble. While the physical side of the abuse is very troublesome, it is often the mental health results of abuse that parents will need to help their other children with.
Factors contributing to sibling abuseIt can be difficult to pinpoint that exact moment when healthy and expected sibling rivalry escalates into abuse. In many situations, it’s due to the abusive teen not having the right coping skills needed to get through conflicts. It could also be their mental health struggles come out as a need to control anything in their lives, with their younger and more vulnerable siblings being an easy target. An older teen in charge of younger siblings may also not know the limits of discipline if the younger children act out. If there is a history of abuse in the household, it can be an easy path to seeing an abused teen now taking the same actions against someone else.
The consequences to be aware ofIt’s important not to dismiss sibling violence as just an escalated version of sibling rivalry. There are serious consequences for the siblings who are being targeted, both long-term and immediate short-term consequences. Younger children could begin to act out at school, but there are other potential concerns, including:
- Anxiety could arise, which could become a life-long concern for an insecure child as they struggle to feel safe in their own home.
- Depression may become a concern, which is also another issue that could last into adulthood. Both depression and anxiety have the potential to cause serious and life-long concerns for those who struggle to cope with them.
- Children may begin to show regressive behavior, including bed-wetting, fears of the dark, and becoming clingier to parents or grandparents.
- Self-harm is something else to be aware of, as it can lead to a child injuring themselves or leaning into an eating disorder.
What parents can and should doParenting can feel like an endless winding road of challenges. It can be a challenge to know your next step, particularly when faced with an aggressive teen who is purposefully hurting their siblings. What parents can do to intervene with sibling violence:
- Don’t let cruel and abusive behavior slide. When your children are hurting each other, it’s important to step in and correct the behavior.
- Arm your children with the tools they need to resolve conflicts between themselves, without resorting to violent outbursts and inflicting pain.
- Be sure to treat your children equally, without showing favor to any of them. This can be a tricky juggling act at times, particularly if a teen already feels slighted. When issuing out consequences, make sure they are done so in an equal manner.
- Reward the better behavior more than you scold for the negative and abusive behavior. Positive reinforcement can often prove to be a better way of addressing some situations.
- Establishing family ground rules that cover no hitting, no teasing, no taunting, and respecting personal property.